Extracted from: Selected Writings of John Knox: Public Epistles, Treatises, and Expositions to the Year 1559
After writing his Godly Letter of Warning, Knox departed from Dieppe in the latter part of February (1553-54). He set out from Dieppe, "like a Hebrew patriarch of old, 'not knowing whither he went;' and, 'committing his way to God,' travelled through France to Switzerland. A correspondence had been kept up between some of the English reformers and the most noted divines if the Helvetic church. The latter had already heard, with the sincerest grief, of the overthrow of the Reformation, and the dispersion of its friends, in England. On making himself known, Knox was cordially received by them, and treated with the most affectionate hospitality. He spent some time in Switzerland, visiting the particular churches, and conferring with the learned men of that country; and embraced the opportunity of submitting to them certain difficult questions, which were suggested by the present conjuncture of affairs in England, and about which his mind had been greatly occupied. Their views with respect to these coinciding with his own, he was confirmed in the judgment which he had already formed for himself.
"In the beginning of May he returned to Dieppe, to receive information from England; a journey which he repeated at intervals as long as he remained on the Continent. The kind reception which he had met with, and the agreeable company which he enjoyed, during his short residence in Switzerland, had helped to dissipate the cloud which hung upon his spirits when he landed in France, and to open his mind to more pleasing prospects as to the issue of the present afflicting events." (M'Crie's Life of Knox [Edinburgh, 1855], pages 65-66.)
"The two following epistles were written by Knox after his return to Dieppe, and are dated the 10th and 31st of May 1554. As a portion of the earliest letter is repeated nearly verbatim, they were no doubt addressed by him to friends, who resided in different parts of the country." (David Laing, editor's note in Knox's Works, Vol. 3, p. 229.)
AN EPISTLE TO HIS AFFLICTED BRETHREN
The great Bishop of our souls shall shortly appear, to the comfort of us that now mourn (1 Pet. 2:25).
When I ponder within myself, right dearly beloved brethren, what was the estate of Christ's true kirk immediately after the death and passion of our Saviour Jesus, and what were the changes and great mutations in the commonwealth of Judah, before the final desolation of the same; as I cannot but fear like plagues to strike the realm of England; and in fearing, God knows, I lament and mourn; so can I not but rejoice, knowing that God's most merciful providence is no less careful this day over his weak and feeble servants, than he was that day over his dispersed and sorely oppressed flock.
What was the estate of Christ's kirk between his death and resurrection, between his resurrection and ascension, between his ascension and the sending of the Holy Ghost upon his disciples, and from that time to the final destruction of Jerusalem? The plain scriptures do witness it was most afflicted, without all comfort and worldly consolations, and that sometimes it was so oppressed with care, dolour, and desperation, that neither could the witnessing of the women, the appearing of the angels, nor the very voice and presence of Christ himself, remove all doubts of a long continuance from the hearts of his apostles. What were the mutations and troubles in Judea and Jerusalem before the destruction thereof, such as be exercised in reading histories, and principally in Josephus and Hegisippus, cannot be ignorant. What were the plagues that reigned over that unthankful people? to wit, cruel tyrannical, and ungodly magistrates, by whom the people were oppressed and spoiled of their liberties; of which occasion was stirred up sedition, and thereupon followed so cruel persecution, under the name of justice, that no small number were burned quick [alive]. After which cruelty, followed such murder universally in the city and in the fields, that the fathers feared their sons, and the brothers their brethren. Which disquietude ceased not, till God's severe vengeance was at once poured forth upon such as obstinately refused, and cruelly persecuted Christ Jesus and his doctrine.
And yet amongst the extremity of these calamities so wondrously was Christ's kirk preserved, that the remembrance thereof is unto my heart great matter of consolation. For yet my good hope is, that one day or other Christ Jesus, that now in England is crucified, shall rise again in despite of his enemies, and shall appear to his weak and sorely troubled disciples (for yet some he has in that wretched and miserable realm), to whom he shall say, "Peace be unto you. It is I; fear not" (cf. Luke 24:36; 20:19 ff.; Matt. 14:27; Mark 6:5; John 6:20). And this shall he do for his own mercies' sake, to let us know, and in practice understand, that his promises are infallible, and that he will not treat us according to the offences of our corrupt and frail nature, which always is ready to fall from our God, to distrust his promises, and to forget that ever we have received benefit or comfort at his hand, when trouble or danger appears.
This I write, beloved in the Lord, that albeit you find your hearts sometimes assaulted with dolour, grudging, or with desperation, that yet you be not troubled above measure, as that Christ Jesus should never visit you again. There falls nothing to you, nor yet to the flock of Christ Jesus this day within the miserable realm of England, which did not fall on Christ's true and beloved disciples before and after his death.
Before his death, they were advertised and plainly admonished that trouble should apprehend them, that he should suffer a cruel and ignominious death, that they should every one be ashamed and flee from him. This could they not believe, but boldly durst promise the contrary; and yet as Christ Jesus forespoke, all came to pass. He oftentimes promised and did assure them that he should rise again, that he should visit them and should give them consolation, and should remove their dolour.
But trust you, that in the time of their anguish, any remembrance of Christ's resurrection, comfort, or returning, was in their hearts? It is easy to be espied, that there was none, but that dolour and desperation had so pierced their tender hearts, that after many apparitions their wavering minds fully could not be established.
In the same case, I now consider the true professors of Christ's holy and sacred evangel to be within the realm of England. The days of this our dolour have been blown in our ears; our weakness and our infirmities have been painted out before our eyes; but, alas! then could we not believe that the time approaches so near, neither yet that so short a tempest should have overthrown so great a multitude. ("O Lord, increase our faith; be merciful to us; and let us not drown in the deep for ever!") But, dearly beloved, the same voice that forespoke our dolours, forespoke also our everlasting comfort with Christ Jesus: which promise, peradventure, does not greatly now rejoice our hearts, by reason that the body stands in fear, and our souls are in anguish by torments that are threatened by such as shall shortly perish. Such imperfections were in Christ's apostles, and yet they did not impede his again coming unto them; no more shall they do unto us, providing that Judas' obstinacy (his impenitent and traitorous heart) be absent from us. And therefore, beloved in the Lord, hope now against all worldly appearance; the power of our God shall be known unto his own glory in despite of these conjured enemies, whose judgment shall not sleep, but suddenly shall fall upon them to their perpetual confusion. "Haste Lord, and tarry not, for they have violated thy law, and profaned thy holy testament!"
You would know, perchance, my judgment, by what means shall the tyrants of England, and most obstinate and abominable idolaters, be punished. To determine unto them a certain kind of worldly punishment it appertains not to me. But hereof I am so sure, as I am that my God lives, that beside their perpetual condemnation and torment in hell, they shall also be plagued in this present live, except they repent; that likewise, as men have heard their abominations and enormities shown to their faces, insomuch that they have bitten their tongues for very despiteful anger, and yet did never repent from their iniquities; so also shall men, that this very day see their tyranny, behold the plagues of God's vengeance poured forth upon them even in this present life; and yet shall they not cease to rebel against his Holy Majesty; for the deadly venom of that malicious serpent, their father the devil can never be purged from their cankered hearts. And therefore after worldly punishment (which they shall not escape), is the fire that never shall be quenched prepared for their portion; and so these tyrants are more to be pitied and lamented, than either feared or hated except it be with a perfect hatred, which the Spirit of God moves in the hearts of God's elect against the rebellious contemners of his holy statutes; wherewith Jeremiah the prophet was inflamed when that he prayed, "Let me see thy vengeance taken upon thy enemies, O Lord" (Jer. 11:20; 20:12). Which also he obtained and beheld with his corporeal eyes, as I am assured some that at this day sob, under their cruel tyranny, shall see of the pestilent Papists within the realm of England. But what shall be the kind of their plagues, and whom God shall use to execute his wrath, I cannot say; but let it be sufficient that they shall not escape the punishment that is prepared, no more than Haman did the gallows that he made for Mordecai the Jew.
Now, beloved in the Lord, seeing that neither can the cruelty of tyrants, nor yet the infirmity that rests in this our corrupt nature, withhold from us the merciful presence of our Saviour Christ Jesus; but that he will visit us again by the brightness of his word to our sure comfort and consolation, when all our enemies shall tremble, fear, and be confounded: Let us patiently abide, with groaning and with sobs, the time that is appointed to our correction, and to the full ripeness of their malicious minds, avoiding with all study such offences as separate man from the society and fellowship of God. And these are sins known, maintained obstinately, used and defended as that they were no sin nor offensive before God; these sorts of sins, because they are without repentance, divide man from God's favour. God the Father, for Christ Jesus his Son's sake, preserve and keep your hearts from that temptation, and by his Holy Ghost so quicken your senses and purge your understanding, that what you have professed in the days of rest, now in the days of trouble, in your hearts you may acknowledge, and with your mouths confess (when the glory of his holy name shall require the same) to be the infallible and undoubted verity of God. And also, to abhor, detest, and avoid, by all means possible, that which you know (and openly before the world have professed) to be abominable idolatry, the maintainers whereof shall not escape God's vengeance.
My own estate is this: since the 28th of January, I have travelled through all the congregations of Helvetia [Switzerland], and have reasoned with all the pastors and many other excellent learned men upon such matters as now I cannot commit to writing; gladly I would by tongue or pen utter the same to God's glory. If I thought that I might have your presence, and the presence of some other assured men, I would jeopardize my own life to let men see what may be done with a safe conscience in these dolorous and dangerous days. But seeing that it cannot be done instantly, without danger to others than to me, I will abide the time that God shall appoint. But hereof be assured, that all is not lawful nor just that is statute by civil laws; neither yet is everything sin before God, which ungodly persons allege to be treason. But this I supersede to more opportunity; if by any means I may, I intend to speak with you ere it be long. God of his infinite mercy, for Christ Jesus his Son's sake, grant that I may find you such as my heart thirsts. Amen.
The peace of God rest with you.
In great haste, from Dieppe the 10th of May 1554.
Yours whom you know,
A COMFORTABLE EPISTLE SENT TO
THE AFFLICTED CHURCH OF CHRIST,
EXHORTING THEM TO
BEAR HIS CROSS WITH PATIENCE
Pass through the city, and put a sign on the foreheads of those that mourn for the admonitions that are committed (Ezekiel 9:4).
When I ponder with myself, beloved in the Lord, what was the state of Christ's true church immediately after his death and passion, and what were the changes and great mutations in the commonwealth of Judea before the final desolation of the same; as I cannot but fear that like plagues, for like offences, shall strike the realm of England; and in fearing, God knows, I lament and mourn; so can I not but rejoice, knowing that God's most merciful providence is no less careful this day, over his weak and feeble servants in the realm of England, than it was that day, over his weak and sorely oppressed flock in Jewry.
What was the state of Christ's church between his death and resurrection, and from his resurrection to the sending of the Holy Ghost upon his disciples, and from that time also to the final destruction of Jerusalem? The plain scripture does witness that it was most afflicted, without all comfort and worldly consolation, and that it was so persecuted, that havoc was made over the church of God. And what were the mutations and troubles in Judea and Jerusalem before the destruction of the same, such as are exercised in histories, and principally in Josephus and Hegisippus, cannot be ignorant. For they witness, that over that unthankful people, cruel, tyrannical, and most ungodly magistrates were permitted to reign, by whom the people were oppressed and spoiled of their liberties; by which occasion was stirred up sedition; and thereupon followed such cruel tyranny, that under the name of justice no small number of the people were burned quick [alive]. After which cruelty, followed such murder universally in the city and in the fields, that the fathers feared their sons, and the brethren their brethren. Which disquietude ceased not, until God's severe vengeance was once poured forth upon such as obstinately refused and persecuted Christ Jesus and his doctrine.
But to return to the treatment and preservation of Christ's church at that time. It is evident, that most sharply it was persecuted, and yet daily did it increase and multiply (Acts 12). It was compelled to flee from city to city, from realm to realm, and from one nation to another; and yet so wondrously was it preserved, that a great number of those whom the wicked priests, by their bloody tyranny, exiled and banished from Jerusalem, were kept alive till God's vengeance was poured forth upon that most wicked generation. The remembrance of this, beloved in the Lord, is such comfort and consolation unto my heart, that neither my tongue nor my pen can express the same. For this assuredly is my hope and expectation that, like as Christ Jesus appeared to his disciples, when there was nothing in their hearts but anguish and desperation; and like as he preserved and multiplied their number under the most extreme persecution; so shall he do to his afflicted flock within the realm of England this day, in spite of all his enemies. First, I say, this is my hope, that a just vengeance shall be taken upon those blood-thirsty tyrants, by whom Christ Jesus in his members is now crucified amongst you. And after that, his verity shall so appear to the comfort of those who now mourn, that they shall hear and know the voice of their own pastor. And this shall our merciful God do unto us, to let us know, and in practice understand that his promises are infallible, and that he will not treat us according to the wicked weakness of our corrupt nature; which always is ready to fall from God, to distrust his promises, and to forget that ever we have received benefit or comfort from God's hand, when trouble lies upon us, or when extreme danger does appear.
And therefore, beloved in the Lord, albeit you find your hearts sometimes assaulted with dolour, with grudging, or with some kind of desperation; yet despair not utterly; neither be you troubled above measure, as that Christ Jesus should never visit you again. Not so, dear brethren, not so; for such imperfections rested with Christ's own apostles for a long time, and yet they did not hinder his again coming unto them. No more shall our weakness and imperfections hinder or let the brightness of his countenance, and the comfort of his word, yet once again to shine before us; provided always, that Judas' obstinacy, his impenitence, and traitorous heart be absent from us, as I doubt not but it is from the members of Christ's body, who are permitted sometimes to fall, so that of the most fervent professors they become fearful deniers of the most known truth. But they are not permitted of any continuance to blaspheme, neither to remain in unbelief and desperation to the end, as in Christ's apostles plainly may be seen.
And that more clearly we may understand our times and estate, within the realm of England this day, to agree with the time and estate of Christ's disciples immediately after his death, let us consider what chanced to them before and after the same.
Before Christ's passion, as they were instructed by Christ's own mouth of many things appertaining to that kingdom of God, which they neither perfectly understood, neither worthily then regarded; so were they advertised and oft admonished, that Christ their Master should suffer a cruel death, that they should be ashamed, slandered, and offended in him; also that they should flee from him; and finally, that persecution and trouble, from time to time, should apprehend them. With these most dolorous tidings he also promised that he should arise upon the third day, that he should see them again to their comfort and consolation, and that he should mightily deliver them from all troubles and adversities.
But what availed all these admonitions to Christ's disciples, before his death, or in the extremity of their anguish shortly after the same? Did they fear, and verily look for trouble before it came? Or did they look for any comfort when the forespoken trouble was come? It is most evident that no such thing did enter into their hearts. For before Christ's death, their greatest mind was upon worldly honour, for which sometimes they debated and contended among themselves; yea, even when Christ was most earnestly preaching his cross (Luke 22:24-30). And after his death, they were so oppressed with anguish, with care, with dolour and desperation, that neither could the witnessing of the women, affirming that they had seen Christ (Luke 24:11); neither the grave, left empty and void; neither the angels who appeared to certify his resurrection (John 20:1-10); neither yet the very voice and presence of Christ Jesus himself, remove all doubts from their afflicted hearts (Matt. 28:1-9, 16-17); but from time to time their minds wavered, and could not be fully established that their Lord and Master was verily risen to their comfort, according to his former promises.
In this case I consider the true professors of Christ's holy gospel to be [at] this day in the realm of England. For these days of our present dolour and tribulation have been before spoken and blown in our ears long before they came. Our weakness and frail infirmity was also painted forth before our eyes; but who would have believed that the days of our trouble had been so nigh? Or that so short a tempest should have overthrown so great a multitude? I think no man within the whole realm. For all men appeared to live in careless security, as though the immutable sentence of God, pronouncing that whosoever will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution (2 Tim. 3:12), had nothing appertained to our age. And such a bold confidence (or rather a vain persuasion) had a great number, of their own strength, that if they had continued without any backsliding, they might have been judged rather angels than men.
But, beloved in the Lord, the sword of anguish and of dolour has now pierced the tender heart of Christ's mother (that is, of his true church), so that the cogitations of many hearts are sufficiently revealed. The fire is come: which as it has burned away with a blast the stubble, hay, and wood; so, in trying the gold, silver, and precious stones, it has found such dross and dust, that the whole mass may appear to be consumed.
For who now calls to mind, that the same voice which forespoke our dolours, forespoke also our everlasting comfort with Christ Jesus? Who delights now in his amiable promises? Who rejoices under the cross? Yea, who rather does not fear, tremble, grudge, and lament, as that there were no help in God, or as that he regarded not the trouble which we suffer? These are the imperfections that continually remain in this our corrupt nature; the knowledge whereof ought to move us earnestly to cry, "O Lord, increase our faith; be merciful unto us, and let us not drown in the deep for ever." Which if we do with unfeigned hearts, then shall Christ Jesus appear to our comfort; his power shall be known to the praise and glory of his own name, in despite of all his conjured enemies. And this is the chief and principal cause of my comfort and consolation in these most dolorous days, that neither our infirmities nor daily desperation can hinder or let Christ Jesus to return to us again.
The other cause of my comfort is, that I am assured that the judgment of these tyrants that now oppress us shall not slip, but that vengeance shall fall upon them without provision. For sufficiently they have declared the malice of their minds. They have violated the law and holy ordinances of the Lord our God. They have opened their mouths against his eternal verity. They have exiled his truth, and established their own lies. They daily persecute the innocents, and stoutly maintain open murderers. Their hearts are obdurate, and their faces are become shameless like harlots; so that no hope of repentance nor amendment is to be had of them. And therefore destruction shall suddenly fall upon them. But with what kind of plagues they shall be stricken in this life; and whom God shall appoint to execute his vengeance upon them, that I remit to his good pleasure and further revelation. But their manifest iniquity is unto me an assured assurance, that they cannot long escape the vengeance, of them most justly deserved.
But in the mean season, beloved brethren, you must avoid two things. The former, that you presume not to be revengers of your own cause, but that you resign over vengeance unto him who only is able to requite them, according to their malicious minds. Secondly, that you hate not with any carnal hatred these blind, cruel, and malicious tyrants; but that you learn of Christ to pray for your persecutors (Matt. 5:44), lamenting and bewailing that the devil should so prevail against them, that headlong they should run, body and soul, to perpetual perdition. And note well that I say, we may not hate them with a carnal hatred: that is to say, only because they trouble our bodies for there is a spiritual hatred, which David calls a perfect hatred, which the Holy Ghost engenders in the hearts of God's elect, against the rebellious contemners of his holy statutes (Ps. 139:22). And it is, when we more lament that God's glory is suppressed, and that Christ's flock is defrauded of their wholesome food, than that our bodies are persecuted.
With this hatred was Jeremiah inflamed, when he prayed, "Let me see thy vengeance taken upon thine enemies, O Lord" (Jer. 11:20; 20:12; 17:15-18; 18:18-23). With this hatred may we hate tyrants, and earnestly may we pray for their destruction, be they kings or queens, princes or prelates. And further you shall note, that the prayers made in the fervency of this hatred, are before God so acceptable, that ofttimes he that prays obtains the selfsame thing that the external words of his prayer do mean, as David, Jeremiah, and other of the prophets saw with their corporeal eyes the hot vengeance of God poured forth upon the cruel tyrants of their age; and I am assured that some, who this day do sob and groan under your tyrannical bishops, shall see upon the Papists within the realm of England.
This my affirmation proceeds not from any conjecture of man's fantasy, but from the ordinary course of God's judgments against manifest contemners of his precepts from the beginning. Which is this:
First, to rebuke and notify, by his messengers, such sins as before the world are not known to be sin.
Secondly, to provoke to repentance.
Thirdly, to suffer the reprobate to declare their own impenitence before the world.
And last, to pour upon them so manifest vengeance, that his church may be instructed, as well of his power, as of his severe judgments against disobedience. This was the order of his judgment against Pharaoh (Ex. 7-8, 14), against Saul (1 Sam. 15), against Jeroboam (2 Kings 13), against Herod, against the scribes and the Pharisees, and against the whole city of Jerusalem.
Our ears have heard, and our eyes have seen, the first three diets of the Lord's judgment executed against the pestilent Papists within the realm of England. For we have heard their summoning and citation duly executed by the messengers of God's word. We have heard them accused and convicted before their own faces of theft and murder, of blasphemy against God, of idolatry, and finally, of all abominations. Which crimes being laid to their charge in their own presence, they were not able to deny; so potent, so plain and evident was God's word, whereby their secret botches, and old festered sores were discovered and revealed.
We know that long process of time has been granted by God's lenity to their conversion and repentance; and how little the same has availed, these present days may testify. For who now does not espy their malice to increase, and their obstinacy to be such as none can be greater? Shall we then think that God will give over his cause, as that he were not able to prevail against tyrants? Not so, dear brethren, not so. But even so assuredly as our God lives, by whose Spirit were stirred up some of his elect first to espy the great abominations of those tyrants in this our age which his messengers in despite of their tyranny God preserved to proclaim and notify, before their own faces, such sins as the world knew not to be sin and as assuredly as we have espied them still to continue in malice against God, against his eternal verity, and against the messengers of the same; so assuredly shall we see God's extreme plagues poured forth upon them, even in this corporeal life; that some of us may witness to the generation that shall follow, the wondrous works that the Lord has wrought, and will work in this our age.
Neither shall these plagues (more than the word of God which passed before) work in them any true repentance, but still in a blind rage they shall rebel against the majesty of God. For the deadly venom of that malicious serpent, their father the devil, can never be purged from their cankered hearts. And therefore, after these plagues, of whom some we have heard and seen (for what a plague was it to the false bishop of Durham, before his own face to be called a murderer and a thief, and of the same so to be convicted, that neither could himself deny it, neither any of his proctors or divine doctors, being present with him, durst enterprise to speak one word in defence of his cause) after these plagues, I say, of whom some we have seen, and the rest we shortly look for, rests the last, the unquenchable fire, which is prepared for their portion.
And therefore, yet again, dearly beloved in our Saviour Jesus Christ, hope you against hope, and against all worldly appearance. For so assuredly as God is immutable, so assuredly shall he stir up one Jehu or other to execute his vengeance upon these bloodthirsty tyrants and obstinate idolaters. And therefore, you abide patiently the time that is appointed to our correction, and to the full ripeness of their malicious minds. Be not discouraged, although the bishops have gotten the victory. So did the Benjamites (natural brethren to our bishops), defenders of whoredom, and of abominable adultery, twice prevail against the Israelites, who fought at God's commandment (Judges 20). You shall consider, beloved brethren, that the counsels of God are profound and inscrutable. The most just man is not innocent in his sight.
There may be secret causes why God sometimes will permit the most wicked to prevail and triumph in the most unjust action; but yet will he not long delay to execute his wrath and justly deserved vengeance, upon such as are proud murderers, obstinate idolaters, and impenitent malefactors. And therefore they have not great cause to rejoice: for albeit they have once prevailed against flesh, yet shall God shortly bring them to confusion and shame for ever.
Let Winchester, and his cruel council, devise and study till his wits fail, how the kingdom of his father, the Antichrist of Rome, may prosper. And let him and them drink the blood of God's saints, till they be drunken, and their bellies burst, yet shall they never prevail long in their attempts. Their counsels and determinations shall be like the dream of a hungry or thirsty man, who in his sleep dreams that he is eating or drinking; but after he is awakened, his pain continues, and his soul is impatient and nothing eased. Even so shall these tyrants, after their profound counsels, long devices, and assured determinations, understand and know, that the hope of hypocrites shall be frustrated (Job 15:16-35); that a kingdom begun with tyranny and blood, can neither be stable nor permanent, but that the glory, the riches, and maintainers of the same shall be as straw in the flame of fire. Altogether with a blast they shall be consumed in such sort, that their palaces shall be a heap of stones (Isa. 22); their congregations shall be desolate; and such as do depend upon their help shall fall into destruction and ignominy with them.
And therefore, beloved brethren in our Saviour Jesus Christ, seeing that neither our imperfections nor frail weakness can hinder Christ Jesus to return to us by the presence of his word; neither that the tyranny of these bloodthirsty wolves may so devour Christ's small flock, but that a great number shall be preserved to the praise of God's glory; neither that these most cruel tyrants can long escape God's vengeance; let us in comfort lift up our heads, and constantly look for the Lord's deliverance; with heart and voice saying to our God, "O Lord, albeit other lords than thou have power over our bodies, yet let us only remember thee and thy holy name." To whom be praise before the congregation. Amen.
God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, by his omnipotent Spirit, guide and rule your hearts in his true fear to the end. Amen.
Written at Dieppe,
the last of May, Anno 1554.
1. Hegisippus, an ecclesiastical historian of the second century. Only a few fragments of his work have been preserved by Eusebius. But Knox here refers to five books on the Jewish Wars, once attributed to Hegisippus, and now considered to be the work of a later author. [D.L.]
2. Marginal note: The care of God is always one over his chosen
3. Marginal note: As God did to his afflicted church in Judah, so shall he do the same in England
4. Marginal note: Our imperfections may not hinder God to be merciful
5. Marginal note: God's elect are permitted sometimes horribly to fall
6. Marginal note: The state of Christ's church before and shortly after his death
7. Marginal note: Note
8. Marginal note: The trouble of God's elect within England forespoken
9. Marginal note: The cause of comfort
10. Marginal note: Why God should suddenly strike the Papists in England
11. Marginal note: What we ought to avoid in extreme trouble
12. Marginal note: Perfect and godly hatred
13. Marginal note: The ordinary cause of God's judgment
14. Marginal note: The Papists have been summoned
15. Marginal note: The Papists have been accused and convicted
16. Marginal note: The time of repentance has bee granted to Papists
17. Marginal note: The due execution approaches
18. Marginal note: Papists shall rebel against God to the end
19. Marginal note: Tonstall convicted of murder and theft to his face at Berwick
20. Marginal note: The last plague of the Papists
1995 by Kevin Reed
Presbyterian Heritage Publications
P.O. Box 180922
Dallas, Texas 75218
This edition has been edited to reflect contemporary spelling, punctuation, and grammar. Bracketed words are supplied where needed to complete the sense of a sentence. Bracketed words in italics are inserted following some antiquated terms or phrases as a convenience to the modern reader. Therefore, the words in brackets are not a part of the original text.
This publication has been provided in electronic form for the personal convenience of our readers. No part of this publication may be transmitted or distributed in any form, or by any means (electronic, mechanical photocopying, or otherwise) without prior permission of the publisher.